The process of adoption is quite common in the United States. This practice allows the natural parents of a child to give up all parental responsibilities and rights to another parent or set of parents. Adoption can also happen when the child’s birth parents are deceased. This transfer of custody is considered to be permanent.

Even though an adopting mother or father will never become an adopted child’s blood parent, he or she will still assume the position of the child’s legal guardian. This means that, once the adoption is complete, the child will become the new parent’s dependent and heir. At this time, the child’s blood parents also cede all rights as the natural guardian. Essentially, the title and responsibilities as a parent are wholly transferred from the natural to the adopting parents.

Open vs. Closed Adoption

In general, there are two main types of adoptions that you can complete – open or closed adoption. While some jurisdictions only allow one of these options, most allow both. In decades past, closed adoption was the only option available to those wishing to adopt. Nowadays, however, both choices are typically available.

In an open adoption, the birth parents are allowed to choose the adoptive parents. Not only that, but there will exist an open relationship between them. Many times, the two sets of parents will stay in communication with each other and the birth parents will be present in the child’s life as he or she grows up.

During a closed adoption, however, the child is given to an intermediary agency that will select the adoptive parents. No personal information on the natural parents is given to the adoptive parents, so the child cannot find, meet, or communicate with his or her natural family. Sometimes, under closed adoptions, the child will never know that he or she was born to a different set of parents.

Contact Us

If you are considering adopting a child, then the help of an experienced family attorney can be invaluable. Contact the San Diego family lawyers of Fischer & Van Thiel, LLP today at 760-722-7646 to speak with us about your situation.

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